Prisoners are among the groups most heavily impacted by HIV with an estimated prevalence three to five times higher than the general population. The period following release from corrections is associated with significant lapses in care. Although model programs to support linkage to care following incarceration exist, there is no systemic framework for evaluating such programs.
We discuss the uses and limitations of surveillance data to monitor HIV care, and propose a methodology to match data from the National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) database with state HIV/AIDS surveillance registry data. Our approach provides a methodology to utilize existing data sources in a manner that protects the confidentiality of recently released persons and may provide increased opportunities to ensure that linkage to care activities are effective.